Poverty is a state of deprivation in which people or communities lack access to resources and basic necessities needed to live a healthy and dignified life. Living in poverty means not being able to afford medical care or access to basics such as electricity, drinking water, shelter, and food. Improper nutrition can cause stunting and wasting, permanently impacting children’s development. Global poverty in some countries is connected to lack of access to clean drinking water and sanitation, which in turn leads to the spread of preventable diseases and unnecessary deaths, particularly of children. Historically, poverty has been calculated based on a person’s income. Global poverty is one of the most urgent issues facing our world today. At present, according to the World Bank is affecting 9.2% of the world population. Some parts of the world (Asia countries, China, India, north Africa) have made progress in reducing poverty levels, the pandemic of COVID-10, ongoing civil conflicts, and natural weather disasters have exacerbated poverty rates and slowed progress toward the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) for eliminating extreme poverty by 2030. The United Nations, Millennium Development Goal 1, Eradicated Extreme Poverty and Hunger and is aiming to end Poverty and Hunger everywhere (globally) by 2030. Global extreme poverty fell back to pre-pandemic levels in 2022 but the SDG (Sustainable Development Goal) to end global extreme poverty by 2030 is now well off track African countries are facing chronic hunger for the 20% of its population (compared to 10% globally). Russia’s war in Ukraine has exacerbated food supply in many countries in Africa. World Hunger Index. The ten poorest countries in Africa are: Western Sahara, Burundi, Somalia, Central African Republic (CAR), Mozambique, Madagascar, Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Niger, Eritrea. Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries in the world, the second-most populous country in Africa, with a population of 100 million. Fast economic growth has helped to significantly reduced poverty in Asia and the Pacific over the years. However, much still needs to be done in a region that is home to about 2/3 of the world’s poor. In 2020 the World Bank report (7.10.2020) estimated that Extreme poverty is set to rise this year for the first time in more than two decades. According to the World Bank report the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic expected to push up the number of people to 115 million people into the extreme poverty category.